A roof is meant to shelter your home from the ravages of mother nature and, of all parts of your home, the roof is the most exposed to the fury of the elements. Learning to identify the damages left by each one of mother nature's attacks will help you to make quick repairs before leaks can develop and undermine the integrity of your roof. Hail, for example, leaves a distinct mark on a roof.
The sun's UV rays will bake any residual moisture out of a roof, leaving it brittle and prone to cracking. To prevent this from happening, roof manufacturers coat the asphalt tar with protective rock granules. As hail impacts with your roof, it can scrape these granules off. While a light hailstorm should not pose much of a threat to your roof, a deluge of hail can pose quite a problem. To discern if your roof has been compromised, inspect your downspouts and gutters for piles of granules. If you find granules in these places, climb up to your roof and look for bald shingles. If you find any, replace them.
If only small hailstones fall, your biggest concern should be the missing granules. On the other hand, if large hailstones fall, they can do far worse damage. Asphalt shingles are a pliable material and a large hailstone can tear through them. To find hail-damaged shingles, you need to look for bruises and bulls-eye-shaped cracks. If you have good binoculars and a good view of your roof from the ground, you can use the binoculars to scan your roof for damage. If you don't have binoculars, the only way for you to inspect your roof will be to climb up and inspect each shingle. If you find any shingles that have been torn by hail, replace them.
As you might imagine, a massive hailstorm can do a lot of damage to a roof. Thus, when you inspect your roof, you need to keep track of how many shingles are damaged. If a high percentage of your shingles require repairs, then you will need to consider replacing your roof. Even if you have just barely installed new shingles, you might find that your roof is so badly damaged that your best option is to install a new roof. Still, if you keep a few shingles on hand, you should be able to make your own repairs and save some money on maintenance costs.
For more information, contact a local roofing contractor.